CBD.101-blog

 

A hemp leaf under water in a lab jar

What is CBD?

CBD is Cannabidiol, a natural compound found in both Cannabis plant and Hemp plant.

CBD is a non-intoxicating component and is believed to have many positive beneficial effects on the human body + mind.

What is a Cannabinoid?

There are more than one hundred unique compounds found in both the Cannabis and Hemp plants called cannabinoids. CBD is one of the many cannabinoids. The two most famous cannabinoids are CBD and THC.

Can CBD get you high? 

No. CBD is a non-intoxicating and non-psychoactive cannabinoid, CBD do not get you high.

CBD oils, gummies, and topical products continue to grow in popularity as ways to manage anxiety, stress, pain, sleep disorder and other symptoms.

 

 

 

 

A DNA shaped hemp flower

CBD & Human Endocannabinoid System

Endocannabinoid System is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids that bind to cannabinoid receptors. Cannabinoid receptor proteins are expressed throughout the vertebrate central nervous system, brain and peripheral nervous system. 


The system is cannabis-like molecules that our body produces on its own. It also includes the receptors which interact with these molecules. 
Endocannabinoids are essentially cannabinoids that are biologically and naturally produced by our bodies.

Our body essentially occupies biological harmony with healthy homeostasis created by the functional endocannabinoid system.

While CBD interacts with the receptors in the human body, mainly CB1 that is found in the central nervous system, and CB2 that is found in the peripheral nervous system and immune cells, the magic just begins to happen. That is the reason why so many people enjoy the botanical benefits.

 

 

 

 

A bunch of hemp plant under a sparkling sky

Hemp vs Marijuana

Hemp and marijuana are two types of the same plant species :Cannabis Sativa. There is confusion about the differences between them because they share the same species name. Both produce cannabinoids. Hemp plant produces low levels of THC (0.3% or less) and high levels of CBD.

Hemp-derived CBD is legal if it contains 0.3% THC or less under the Agricultural Act of 2018. Marijuana-derived CBD is illegal and is still classified as a controlled substance regardless of its percentage of THC.

4 key differences:

1. composition

2. Legality

3. Cultivation

4. Usage

 

 

 

Hemp leaves on a flag of United States of America

American Grown Hemp vs Foreign Grown Hemp

Where the hemp grow, the condition of soil, water, air, the regulatory requirements and standards, the extraction process etc can make big differences in hemp CBD oil products. 2018 Farm Bill sets America grown hemp the highest quality by meeting regulatory standards. As opposed to other countries hemp CBD, may contain heavy metals, other chemical contaminants, with toxic extraction process.

The 2018 Farm Bill establishes a new federal hemp regulatory system under the US Department of Agriculture which aims to facilitate the commercial cultivation, processing, and marketing of hemp. Since then, Refresh’s first priority is to work with domestic local hemp farmers in America and support local business and economy especially during the tough difficult coronavirus pandemic time.

we also believe that it is much harder to offer transparency and quality control of hemp CBD when working with foreign farms. Many brands lose their transparency and quality control when they source to cheaper hemp foreign farms. Hemp cultivation environment is critically important as well as other farming elements such as agriculture principles, farming practice, soil testing, water testing, regulatory controls, guidelines and so on.

The regulatory guidelines by the State programs creates an unmatched barrier to entry, and required to obtain licenses to grow hemp. It shows the extra due diligence required by hemp brands working with farmers in the United States. Refresh works directly with registered organic farms in America.

 

 

A drop of CBD oil on a surface

Hemp Oil vs Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp oil is CBD oil, is extracted from flower of the hemp plants, also contain cannabinoids and natural botanical compounds. Hemp flowers contain phytocannabinoids like CBD.

Hemp seed oil has no CBD, and is pressed from the seeds of the plant, contains 11 essential amino acids also great for health. Hemp stalk and seeds contain terpenes, flavonoids, vitamins, chlorophyll and amino acids.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CBD and its other component

Full spectrum vs zero THC

Full spectrum, sometimes also called “whole plant,” means the full plant extract is included. Full spectrum provides more of the plant’s molecules in ratios and amounts that nature intended.

Zero THC products are generally labeled as being 99 percent or more pure CBD depending on the form they come in. As the name suggests, these products have been isolated down to just the CBD molecule. They have no other active ingredient and just aim to deliver therapeutic doses of CBD, isolated from the other cannabinoids and terpenes.

Zero THC do allow users to easily get large amounts of CBD and know how much they’re getting. With the growing amount of evidence behind CBD and CBD alone it should definitely not be overlooked as a potential for so many conditions such as anxiety, pain, inflammation, diabetes, depression and more.